Menstrual ABC

All | # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are cur­r­ently 17 names in this direc­tory begin­ning with the let­ter C.
Cer­vi­cal mucus
The milky-white to trans­pa­rent secre­tion con­sists of rejec­ted cells and water and flows out of the vagina. The daily discharge is part of the natu­ral pro­cess of a healthy mens­trual cycle and is pro­du­ced by glands in the cer­vix. During the mens­trual cycle, both colour and con­sis­tency of the cer­vi­cal mucus change. It pro­tects the ute­rus from germs. 

Cer­vi­cal smear
The cer­vi­cal smear is taken in the lower part of the cer­vi­cal canal, often during the annual check-up with the gynae­co­lo­gist. Among other things, the smear is used for the early detec­tion of cer­vi­cal cancer.

The cer­vix is the con­nec­tion bet­ween the ute­rus and the vagina. The nar­row sec­tion makes up the lower third of the ute­rus and pro­jects as the ope­ning of the cer­vix into the upper part of the vagina. The nar­row ope­ning, sur­roun­ded by mucous mem­brane, pro­tects the ute­rus from germs.

Cer­vix ope­ning
Ope­ning of the ute­rus. The ute­rine canal opens into the vagina.

Cis-women or Cis-man
People who iden­tify with the sex to which they were assi­gned at birth.

Years of hor­mo­nal chan­ges, before and after the meno­pause. It is the tran­si­tion from the fer­tile to the post­me­no­pau­sal phase in the life of a mens­trua­ting per­son. Due to the decre­a­sing est­ro­gen level, meno­pause often brings about fluc­tua­tions in the mens­trual cycle. 

Sexual organ, the small part of which is visi­ble on the out­side at the upper end of the labia. It con­sists of two thighs which con­nect to the front of the body and lie inside the body. The cli­to­ris strai­gh­tens up during sexual arou­sal due to the erec­tile tissue.

Cloth pad
Reus­able pads are worn during mens­trua­tion to absorb the mens­trual blood out­side the body. They con­sist of dif­fe­rent lay­ers of absor­bent mate­rial and are often made of cot­ton or hemp. They are was­hed after use and can be reu­sed. Fab­ric pads are the sus­tainable ver­sion of dis­po­sable pads because they can be used for many years. 

Cloth panty liners
Reus­able panty liners are worn during light blee­ding to absorb the mens­trual fluid out­side the body. They are thin­ner and ligh­ter than cloth pads and are also made of cot­ton. Fab­ric panty liners are the sus­tainable ver­sion of dis­po­sable panty liners because they can be used for many years. 

Cloth tam­pons
The slightly dif­fe­rent and less known tam­pon ver­sion. Like other tam­pons, cloth tam­pons are inser­ted into the vagina where they absorb the mens­trual blood directly. They are then was­hed and can be used again.

Cycle apps
Cycle apps help you to observe and bet­ter under­stand your own cycle. Based on the data ent­e­red, the app cal­cu­la­tes the next period or the period for several mon­ths in advance. The first and last day of your mens­trua­tion are mar­ked in the apps. In the course of the mens­trual cycle, other cha­rac­te­ris­tics such as mood, sym­ptoms or tem­pe­ra­ture can also be noted.

Cycle awa­reness
Per­cei­ving the body as a cycli­cal being and lear­ning what influ­ence the cycle-rela­ted hor­mo­nes have on needs and mood. To bet­ter under­stand the dif­fe­rent pha­ses of the cycle and the asso­cia­ted qua­li­ties and to con­sciously inte­grate them into ever­y­day life.

Cycle com­pu­ter
Mea­su­ring devices with which mens­trua­ting people can deter­mine the fer­tile and infer­tile days. They digi­tally sup­port the methods of hor­mone-free con­tracep­tion. For this pur­pose, various body cha­rac­te­ris­tics, such as basal body tem­pe­ra­ture, hor­mo­nes in the morning urine and the con­sis­tency of the cer­vi­cal mucus are recor­ded and ana­ly­sed. Regu­lar and con­sci­en­tious use must be ensu­red so that the cycle com­pu­ter can inter­pret the mea­su­red values correctly. 

Cycle dis­or­der
Chan­ges in the natu­ral mens­trual cycle that deviate from the norm. This inclu­des the dura­tion, strength or rhythm of menstruation. 

Cycle length
Time from the first day of mens­trua­tion to the day before the mens­trua­tion starts again. Usually it lasts bet­ween 25 and 34 days.

Cycle pha­ses
The mens­trual cycle is divi­ded into two pha­ses: The first half of the cycle is cal­led the fol­li­cu­lar phase. It takes place bet­ween the begin­ning of mens­trua­tion and the next ovu­la­tion. The second half of the cycle is cal­led the luteal phase. It takes place bet­ween ovu­la­tion and the next menstruation. 

Cycle tracking
Con­scious obser­va­tion of the mens­trual cycle. In addi­tion to the begin­ning and end of mens­trua­tion, other cha­rac­te­ris­tics such as mood, sym­ptoms or tem­pe­ra­ture are also regis­tered. Cycle tracking can be done eit­her ana­log in a mens­trual calen­dar or digi­tally in cycle apps. The aim of cycle tracking is to gain a bet­ter under­stan­ding of your own body and the chan­ges cau­sed by your cycle. 

Your glossary all about menstruation

In our Mens­trual ABC you will find short and easy explana­ti­ons of col­lo­quial expres­si­ons and medi­cal terms rela­ting to mens­trua­tion, hor­mone-free con­tracep­tion and the ana­tomy of the geni­tals. Here you will find mens­trual know­ledge from A for ade­no­myo­sis to Z for zero waste mens­trua­tion.
Are you still mis­sing important terms in our glos­sary or have we exp­lai­ned some­thing not quite under­stand­a­ble? Then send us a mes­sage with your ideas and feed­back so that we can make the Mens­trual ABC even more com­pre­hen­sive and com­plete together.

If you would like to read more about a spe­ci­fic topic, you will find an over­view of all our publis­hed arti­cles in the archive, sor­ted by key­words. In our Period­ico you will find all arti­cles in chro­no­lo­gi­cal order.

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