Menstrual ABC

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There are cur­r­ently 21 names in this direc­tory begin­ning with the let­ter P.
Pad
Inserts made of absor­bent mate­rial to absorb mens­trual fluid out­side the vagina. Pads are worn in the under­wear There are both dis­po­sable pads and was­ha­ble cloth pads.

Panty liners
Inserts made of absor­bent mate­rial to absorb mens­trual fluid out­side the vagina. It is a smal­ler and nar­rower ver­sion of pads and are the­re­fore not as absor­bent. Panty liners are worn in the under­pants. There are both dis­po­sable panty liners and was­ha­ble cloth panty liners.

Pel­vic floor
Tis­sue-mus­cu­lar floor of the pel­vic cavity in humans.

Peri­me­no­pause
Time bet­ween pre- and post­me­no­pause, which is a sign of phy­sio­lo­gi­cal aging. It lasts one to two years before and after the actual menopause. 

Period
see mens­trua­tion

Period calen­dar
A mens­trual calen­dar helps you to observe and bet­ter under­stand your own cycle. It can also be used to cal­cu­late the next period or your period for a few mon­ths in advance. The first and last day of your period are recored in the period calen­dar. During the mens­trual cycle, other cha­rac­te­ris­tics such as mood swings or tem­pe­ra­ture can also be registered.

Period pain
Pain that occurs during mens­trua­tion. They are a form of cycle irregularities. 

Period poverty
Period poverty exists when mens­trua­ting people can­not afford mens­trual pro­ducts for finan­cial rea­sons. The lack of afford­a­ble pro­ducts leads to people resor­ting to other alter­na­ti­ves such as (dirty) pie­ces of fab­ric or grass. This can have health consequences.

Period under­wear
Mens­trual under­wear has several lay­ers of fab­ric in the crotch area and the­re­fore has addi­tio­nal func­tions. It is, so to speak, a pair of under­wear with a was­ha­ble pad sewn into it. The dif­fe­rent fab­rics ensure that the inti­mate area remains dry and the mens­trual blood is absor­bed. The mens­trual under­wear is was­ha­ble like nor­mal under­wear and the­re­fore reusable.

Peti­tion "The period is not a luxury - lower the tam­pon tax"
Nanna-Jose­phine Roloff and Yase­min Kotra tog­e­ther laun­ched the peti­tion and found over 190,000 sup­por­ters on the change.org plat­form. The peti­tion demands that mens­trual pro­ducts be con­si­de­red basic needs in Ger­many and be taxed at the sim­pli­fied VAT rate of seven per­cent. This is because the incre­a­sed tax rate of 19 per­cent discri­mi­na­tes against all mens­trua­ting people. The peti­tion and the tireless efforts of the two mens­trual acti­vists were suc­cess­ful and from Janu­ary 2020, mens­trual pro­ducts will be taxed at only the seven per­cent rate in Germany.

Pill
Hor­mo­nal con­tracep­tive which use is widespread. There are dif­fe­rent types of pills that must be taken orally at the same time every day (except for the week-long pill breaks). The hor­mo­nes in the pill sup­pres­ses the matu­ra­tion of the egg and thus also ovulation.

Poly­cystic Ova­rian Syn­drome (PCOS)
Hor­mo­nal meta­bo­lic dis­or­der cau­sed by a com­plex hor­mo­nal imba­lance. The PCO syn­drome can be the cause of infer­ti­lity due to the cycle alterations. 

Poly­menor­rhoea
A too fre­quent mens­trua­tion. It is a form of mens­trual dis­or­der cha­rac­te­ri­zed by a mens­trual cycle that is too short. This is the case when the total of the mens­trual cycle is less than 24 days.

Post­me­no­pause
Dura­tion of about twelve mon­ths after the last menstruation.

Post­mens­trual blee­ding
Spot­ting after mens­trua­tion is a mens­trual disorder. 

Pregnancy
Period of time during which a fer­ti­li­sed egg cell in the body matures into a child. The pregnancy cal­cu­la­ted from the first day of the last mens­trua­tion lasts an average of 40 weeks. Tra­di­tio­nally, the dura­tion of a pregnancy is given as nine mon­ths. Howe­ver, the fluc­tua­tion range covers several weeks.

Pre­me­no­pause
First irre­gu­la­ri­ties in the mens­trual cycle and occa­sio­nal absence of mens­trua­tion. These chan­ges in the mens­trual cycle are trig­ge­red by the decline in pro­ges­te­rone levels.

Pre­mens­trual blee­ding
The spot­ting before mens­trua­tion is a mens­trual disorder. 

Pre­mens­trual Syn­drome (PMS)
Pain and dis­com­fort a few days before the start of mens­trua­tion. These can be very dif­fe­rent com­p­laints, such as sto­mach or hea­da­ches, as well as mood swings.

Pro­ges­te­rone
Is a cor­pus luteum hor­mone and belongs to the group of sex hor­mo­nes. Pro­ges­te­rone is mainly pro­du­ced in the second phase of the cycle. It pro­mo­tes the growth of the ute­rine lining so that a fer­ti­li­sed egg can suc­cess­fully nest there. The con­cen­tra­tion of pro­ges­te­rone in the body chan­ges greatly during the mens­trual cycle. 

Puberty
Part of ado­lescence, where the body chan­ges and gra­dual deve­lo­p­ment takes place. During this time the incre­a­sed pro­duc­tion of sex hor­mo­nes begins. They cause the repro­duc­tive organs to become functional. 

Your glossary all about menstruation

In our Mens­trual ABC you will find short and easy explana­ti­ons of col­lo­quial expres­si­ons and medi­cal terms rela­ting to mens­trua­tion, hor­mone-free con­tracep­tion and the ana­tomy of the geni­tals. Here you will find mens­trual know­ledge from A for ade­no­myo­sis to Z for zero waste mens­trua­tion.
Are you still mis­sing important terms in our glos­sary or have we exp­lai­ned some­thing not quite under­stand­a­ble? Then send us a mes­sage with your ideas and feed­back so that we can make the Mens­trual ABC even more com­pre­hen­sive and com­plete together.

If you would like to read more about a spe­ci­fic topic, you will find an over­view of all our publis­hed arti­cles in the archive, sor­ted by key­words. In our Period­ico you will find all arti­cles in chro­no­lo­gi­cal order.

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