Menstrual ABC

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There are 21 names in this directory beginning with the letter P.
Pad
Inserts made of absorbent material to absorb menstrual fluid outside the vagina. Pads are worn in the underwear There are both disposable pads and washable cloth pads.

Panty liners
Inserts made of absorbent material to absorb menstrual fluid outside the vagina. It is a smaller and narrower version of pads and are therefore not as absorbent. Panty liners are worn in the underpants. There are both disposable panty liners and washable cloth panty liners.

Pelvic floor
Tissue-muscular floor of the pelvic cavity in humans.

Perimenopause
Time between pre- and postmenopause, which is a sign of physiological aging. It lasts one to two years before and after the actual menopause.

Period
see menstruation

Period calendar
A menstrual calendar helps you to observe and better understand your own cycle. It can also be used to calculate the next period or your period for a few months in advance. The first and last day of your period are recored in the period calendar. During the menstrual cycle, other characteristics such as mood swings or temperature can also be registered.

Period pain
Pain that occurs during menstruation. They are a form of cycle irregularities.

Period poverty
Period poverty exists when menstruating people cannot afford menstrual products for financial reasons. The lack of affordable products leads to people resorting to other alternatives such as (dirty) pieces of fabric or grass. This can have health consequences.

Period underwear
Menstrual underwear has several layers of fabric in the crotch area and therefore has additional functions. It is, so to speak, a pair of underwear with a washable pad sewn into it. The different fabrics ensure that the intimate area remains dry and the menstrual blood is absorbed. The menstrual underwear is washable like normal underwear and therefore reusable.

Petition "The period is not a luxury - lower the tampon tax"
Nanna-Josephine Roloff and Yasemin Kotra together launched the petition and found over 190,000 supporters on the change.org platform. The petition demands that menstrual products be considered basic needs in Germany and be taxed at the simplified VAT rate of seven percent. This is because the increased tax rate of 19 percent discriminates against all menstruating people. The petition and the tireless efforts of the two menstrual activists were successful and from January 2020, menstrual products will be taxed at only the seven percent rate in Germany.

Pill
Hormonal contraceptive which use is widespread. There are different types of pills that must be taken orally at the same time every day (except for the week-long pill breaks). The hormones in the pill suppresses the maturation of the egg and thus also ovulation.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Hormonal metabolic disorder caused by a complex hormonal imbalance. The PCO syndrome can be the cause of infertility due to the cycle alterations.

Polymenorrhoea
A too frequent menstruation. It is a form of menstrual disorder characterized by a menstrual cycle that is too short. This is the case when the total of the menstrual cycle is less than 24 days.

Postmenopause
Duration of about twelve months after the last menstruation.

Postmenstrual bleeding
Spotting after menstruation is a menstrual disorder.

Pregnancy
Period of time during which a fertilised egg cell in the body matures into a child. The pregnancy calculated from the first day of the last menstruation lasts an average of 40 weeks. Traditionally, the duration of a pregnancy is given as nine months. However, the fluctuation range covers several weeks.

Premenopause
First irregularities in the menstrual cycle and occasional absence of menstruation. These changes in the menstrual cycle are triggered by the decline in progesterone levels.

Premenstrual bleeding
The spotting before menstruation is a menstrual disorder.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Pain and discomfort a few days before the start of menstruation. These can be very different complaints, such as stomach or headaches, as well as mood swings.

Progesterone
Is a corpus luteum hormone and belongs to the group of sex hormones. Progesterone is mainly produced in the second phase of the cycle. It promotes the growth of the uterine lining so that a fertilised egg can successfully nest there. The concentration of progesterone in the body changes greatly during the menstrual cycle.

Puberty
Part of adolescence, where the body changes and gradual development takes place. During this time the increased production of sex hormones begins. They cause the reproductive organs to become functional.

Your glossary all about menstruation

In our Menstrual ABC you will find short and easy explanations of colloquial expressions and medical terms relating to menstruation, hormone-free contraception and the anatomy of the genitals. Here you will find menstrual knowledge from A for adenomyosis to Z for zero waste menstruation.
Are you still missing important terms in our glossary or have we explained something not quite understandable? Then send us a message with your ideas and feedback so that we can make the Menstrual ABC even more comprehensive and complete together.

If you would like to read more about a specific topic, you will find an overview of all our published articles in the archive, sorted by keywords. In our Periodico you will find all articles in chronological order.

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