Menstrual ABC

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There are cur­r­ently 5 names in this direc­tory begin­ning with the let­ter V.
Vagina
Pri­mary sexual organ, which has a tubu­lar shape and con­nects the outer cer­vix with the vagi­nal ves­ti­bule. The vagina opens into the vagi­nal ves­ti­bule of the vulva and is bet­ween eight and twelve cen­ti­me­tres long. It pro­tects the sexual organs that lie deeper in the body. As part of the birth canal, it is fle­xi­ble. In ever­y­day lan­guage the term vagina is often used incor­rectly to refer to the vulva as a whole. 

Vagi­nal flora
Natu­rally exis­ting micro­bial colo­niz­a­tion of the vagina, which con­sists mainly of dif­fe­rent types of lac­tic acid bac­te­ria. It is respon­si­ble for ensu­ring that harm­ful germs can­not mul­ti­ply dis­pro­por­tio­na­tely. The natu­ral pH value of the vagi­nal flora pre­vents germs from multiplying. 

Vagi­nal ves­ti­bule
Part of the vulva that lies bet­ween the labias. Around the vagi­nal ves­ti­bule there are glands that are respon­si­ble for mois­tening the vagina. 

Vagi­nis­mus
Sexual dys­func­tion or pain dis­or­der, which can be both orga­nic and psy­cho­lo­gi­cal. It is a per­sis­tent or recur­rent invol­un­tary cram­ping or ten­sion of the pel­vic floor and the outer third of the vagi­nal mus­cles, making the vagi­nal ent­rance appear very nar­row or as if clo­sed. The tight mus­cle con­trac­tion makes vagi­nal inter­course or a gynae­co­lo­gi­cal exami­na­tion pain­ful or even impossible. 

Vulva
The ent­i­rety of the exter­nal pri­mary sexual organs. The vulva con­sists of the mons pubis, the labia, the ope­ning of the ure­thra, the vagi­nal ves­ti­bule and the cli­to­ris. A large part of the vulva is cove­red by hair star­ting at the begin­ning of puberty. In ever­y­day lan­guage, the vulva is often incor­rectly cal­led the vagina. 

Your glossary all about menstruation

In our Mens­trual ABC you will find short and easy explana­ti­ons of col­lo­quial expres­si­ons and medi­cal terms rela­ting to mens­trua­tion, hor­mone-free con­tracep­tion and the ana­tomy of the geni­tals. Here you will find mens­trual know­ledge from A for ade­no­myo­sis to Z for zero waste mens­trua­tion.
Are you still mis­sing important terms in our glos­sary or have we exp­lai­ned some­thing not quite under­stand­a­ble? Then send us a mes­sage with your ideas and feed­back so that we can make the Mens­trual ABC even more com­pre­hen­sive and com­plete together.

If you would like to read more about a spe­ci­fic topic, you will find an over­view of all our publis­hed arti­cles in the archive, sor­ted by key­words. In our Period­ico you will find all arti­cles in chro­no­lo­gi­cal order.

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